Debrecen, Hungary

Debrecen, Hungary

I-Debrecen "Idolobha elikhulu le-Great Hungary Plain", kanye nesihlalo sedolobha nedolobha elikhulu kunazo zonke lesifunda saseHajdú-Bihar empumalanga Hungary. Ungumuzi wesibili ngobukhulu ezweni onabahlali abangaba ngu-200,000 futhi ngokomlando idolobha elibaluleke kakhulu kumaProthestani amaHungary.

Bebevame ukubuza ukuthi "ubani engqondweni yabo owakha ingqondo abazokwakha idolobha maphakathi nendawo lapho kungekho zintaba, noma imigwaqo?". Impendulo ilula: sibonga iGreat Plain ebikule ndawo phambilini bekukhona amadolobhana ezolimo ahlala lapha. Isinyathelo ngesinyathelo le mizi yakhiwa ndawonye, ​​kwenziwa isikhungo esivamile sokuphatha namasiko, futhi kulezi zinsuku iDebrecen iyidolobha lesibili ngobukhulu eHungary.

Kwakuyidolobha elikhulu kunawo wonke amaCalvinist eYurophu (lalibizwa nge- “The Calvinist Rome"), Futhi iSonto Elikhulu (Nagytemplom) liyisikhumbuzo samagugu edolobha.

UDebrecen uphinde abe neyunivesithi nazo zonke izinhlobo zezindawo zesayensi. Inabafundi ababalelwa ku-25000. Isakhiwo esikhulu eNagyerdő sihle.

Izinto zokuhamba zomphakathi

Yize indlela esheshayo yokuhamba ivame ukuhamba ngezinyawo, kunethiwekhi ebanzi yamathamu, ama-trolleybus kanye namabhasi azungeze idolobha namadlelo alo. Izindlela zokukhanda zamathilamu kanye nama-trolleybus yimizuzu engama-5-15, kuyilapho imvamisa emigqeni yamabhasi ihluka. Kunemigqa emibili yetramu esebenza nge-eksisi esenyakatho naseningizimu yedolobha, kuyilapho i-axis yasempumalanga nentshonalanga kanye namaphethelo kudingidwa yi-trolleybus kanye nemizila yebhasi. Ama-trams anikela nangezindlela ezinhle zokuhamba nge-hop-off hop phakathi maphakathi nedolobha. Umugqa wokuqala ka-Tram uqala esiteshini sesitimela, uhambe ngomgwaqo omkhulu, uphenduka e-Grand Church kancane, uye e-Old Forest, kuthi-ke endaweni enkulu yokugibela ujikeleze ehlathini ukuze ume e-Zoo, eThemark Park naseMphakathini Bath, i-Medical and Main Campus ye-University, bese ibuyela emuva.

Ukuhamba

Indlela ephumelela kakhulu yokujikeleza edolobheni elingaphakathi ukuhamba. Iningi lokubona lisesimweni esingamamitha ambalwa ukusuka kwelinye. Ngenkathi lesi sikhungo sikhombisa isimo sangaphambili saseDebrecen njengesikhungo esibalulekile samasiko nenhlokodolobha enezakhiwo ezinemicimbi eminingi yama-Classicist ne-Art-Nouveau, isithombe sishintsha kakhulu imigwaqo embalwa nje, lapho imigqa evaliwe yezindlu ezinesiteji esisodwa, lawula ukubuka, okujwayelekile emadolobheni amancane amaGreat Plains aseHungary. Ngale kude nesikhungo kunezakhiwo eziningi eziphakeme zokhonkolo.

Kunemigwaqo eminingi emihle ezungezile, noma kunjalo miningi engabukeki kangako, kepha ukuhambahamba kuvikelekile. Zama iNagyerdő (Ihlathi Elikhulu): muhle.

Ukushayela

Isikhungo sedolobha simane nje sinobukhulu obufanele bokuhambahamba kodwa kunezindawo lapho kukhululekile ukushayela. Izimo zomgwaqo zinhle kepha ngamahora aphezulu kakhulu ezinye zezindlela ezinkulu zokuhlangana zizogcwala, lindela ukubambezeleka okuthile ngo-8-9 am no-4-5 pm. Isikhungo asitholakali ngemoto futhi kuthatha isikhathi ukuzulazula kulo. Ama-Sixt, Hertz no-Avis ayatholakala edolobheni uma ufuna ukuqasha imoto. Kungenzeka futhi uku-oda ukuqasha kwakho esikhumulweni sezindiza.

Yini ukubona

Yize iDebrecen iyidolobha lesibili ngobukhulu ezweni, iyindawo encane enabantu abangaba yishumi, ngakho-ke ungalindeli ukuthi impilo ezungezayo njengasekuqaleni Budapest. Futhi kukhona ezinye izinto ezikhangayo ezibonisa isimo sayo sangaphambilini njengendawo ephambili yamaGreat Plains, isikhungo sezamasiko kanye kanye nenhloko-dolobha yase Hungary. I-Nagytemplom kumele ibone futhi itholakale kalula. Ngokuqondene neminyuziyamu, uMnyuziyamu waseDéri ufanelekile ngempela ukuthatha uhambo, kepha bonke abanye bathembela ekutheni uthanda kangakanani ubuciko beHungary. Iningi lezinto ezikhangayo kakhulu lisedolobheni iCape Park, noma iNagyerdő, lapho ungachitha khona kalula ntambama emnandi.

Izindawo Zokukhuleka

INagytemplom (Isonto Elikhulu) kuKossuth tér iyisakhiwo esaziwa kakhulu sikaDebrecen nophawu lwedolobha. Kuyisizinda sokuqala salokho okwakubizwa ngokuthi “iRalvanist Rome”. Izivakashi zingabuka ingaphakathi, futhi zikhuphukele embhoshongweni ukuze zibone insimbi yaseRákóczi, insimbi enkulu kunazo zonke eHungary, kanye nokubukwa okuhle kwedolobha.

ISzent Anna-székesegyház (iSt. Anne Cathedral) iyona iSonto lamaKhatholika elikhulu eDebrecen, futhi nesihlalo sobukhosi besifunda-bhishobhi saseDebrecen-Nyíregyháza kusukela ngo-1993. Leli bandla lisendaweni yokuhlangana kwezitaladi zasePiac (eziphambili) naseSzent Anna. Ukwakhiwa kwayo kwaqala ngo-1721 ngesitayela se-baroque. Iqediwe kanye neziponji ngo-1934 njengengxenye yokwakhiwa kabusha ngemuva komlilo.

I-Kistemplom (iSonto Elincane) isonto lamaCalvinist elisemigwaqweni yemigwaqo yasePiac (main) naseSzéchenyi. Yathola igama layo lesidlaliso iCsonkatemplom (iStumpy Church) ngenxa yokuntuleka komoya onikeza umbhoshongo wayo ukubukeka okungapheli.

IGörög katolikus templom (isonto lase-Eastern Katolika), elakhiwa ngo-1910 ngesitimu sokuvuselela iByzantine, lisendaweni yase-Attila.

I-Orthodox Synagogue kuPásti Street yakhiwa ngonyaka we-1894 futhi iselungiswa kabusha muva nje. Kusetshenziswa njengendawo ethe xaxa ngamaholide enkolo, nemibukiso okwamanje. Ezinye izikhungo ezihlobene nazo zifaka phakathi indlu yemikhuleko esebenza njalo ukusuka ngo-1910, umbukiso, ibheshu lakudala (ukugeza isiko), indlu yokuhlatshwa. ISynagogue yomgwaqo waseKápolnás yakhiwa ngo-1910 futhi yakhiwa kabusha muva nje.

Indlu yemikhuleko ye-muslim yasungulwa e-Egyetem sukariárút ngonyaka ka-2015.

Museums

I-Déri Museum iyimnyuziyamu enkulu kunazo zonke edolobheni.it yi-Déri tér 1; (ngqo ngemuva kweBandla eliKhulu, thatha i-tram # 1) indawo ongayibona. Kuyimnyuziyamu kazwelonke enazo zonke izinhlobo zobuciko. Kukhona ukubuka kwemvelo okubonisa impilo yezilwane yalesi sifunda, enye iqoqo enezinto zomlando ezivela esifundeni, negalari yobuciko enemisebenzi evela kubadwebi baseHungary. Umsebenzi odume kakhulu yi-trilogy kaChristian Mihály Munkácsy, imidwebo emithathu emikhulu ekhombisa uKristu phambi kukaPilatu, uMbumbulu, no-Ecce Homo!

I-Ferenc Medgyessy Memorial Museum ku-Péterfia u. 28; (ngemuva nje kwe-Debrecen Plaza futhi kufinyeleleka kalula kuyo ngo-tram # 1) kukhombisa imisebenzi nempilo yomdwebi.

ILászló Holló Memorial Museum eHolló László sétány 8; (etholakala eTócóskert, thatha ibhasi # 19) ibekwe epaki elilodwa lamahektha enezindlu zemisebenzi yomdwebi kanye nengadi yesithombe.

Delizsánsz Kiállítóterem - Postamúzeum (Imyuziyamu Yeposi) ku-Múzeum u. 3. (ngaphesheya kwesikwele kusuka eMnyuziyamu waseDéri eposini eliphambili).

I-Debreceni Irodalmi Múzeum (Museum weDesccen Literary Museum) eBorsos József tér 1; (enyakatho yedolobha nje, thatha ibhasi # 12, 15, 31 noma 32) unombukiso ongapheli ovela embuthanweni wezezincwadi we-1890 Csokonai. Iphinde futhi ibe nemibukiso yesikhashana yesikhashana.

I-Kölcsey Központ (Modem) - isikhungo sanamuhla esakhiwe yakamuva semibukiso yobuciko bephrofayili ephezulu nemidlalo yomculo / yaseshashalazini.

I-Nagyerdő - Ipaki Ledolobha. Itholakala enyakatho yedolobhana nje ipaki yedolobha elingamahektha angama-2280 enikeza ukuhamba okuhle kanye namathuba ambalwa wokuzijabulisa nokuzijabulisa. Tram cha. 1 inikeza ukufinyelela okungcono endaweni.

I-University of Debrecen yasungulwa ngo-1538 njengeCalvinist College of Debrecen. Yiyunivesithi yakudala esebenza ngokuqhubekayo eHungary. Inohlelo olusungulwe kahle ngolimi lwesiNgisi lwabafundi bamazwe aphesheya. Njengamanje kuneziza ezimbili ezinkulu zale nyuvesi: I-Nagyerdő (bheka ngezansi) namakhampasi aseKassai út. Ikhampasi eyinhloko yeDybrecen University (eyayikade ingeyunivesithi yaseKossuth Lajos Science University) itholakala e-Egyetem tér, entshonalanga nesiqiwu nje, ingenye yamanyuvesi amakhulu esifundeni futhi ilungele ukuhamba. Isakhiwo esikhulu sakhiwa ngo-1932. Isendlalelo saso sangaphambili kanye nomthombo nezihlahla zezindilinga ezizungeze ihlinzeka ngombono ogqamile ukusuka emaphethelweni asenyakatho we-Egyetem sukariárút.

IVidámpark (Ipaki yokuzijabulisa) e-Ady Endre út 1. ayinkulu noma ayimangazi njengepaki eseBudapest, kodwa nokho iyaziqhenya ngokuba yipaki elikhulu kunalo leli ngaphesheya kweTisza. Kunokugibela okuyi-15 kufaka phakathi inqaba yokuqagela, isondo le-Ferris, kanye nojantshi bezingane.

I-Állatkert (i-Zoo) ku-Ady Endre út, kanye neVidámpark bakha iSiko Park.

I-Aquaticum eNagyerdei Park 1. yindawo enkulu yedolobha. Inepaki yamanzi, ichibi lomphakathi, indlu yokugeza, ihhotela nezindawo zokudlela.

I-Műjégpálya (Skating Rink)

I-DVSC Stadium kulapho iqembu lebhola lendawo lidlala khona (elidlalwe ngokuthi “uLoki”). Muva nje bathole umncintiswano waseHungary ngonyaka ka-2005 nango-2006.

Ingadi ye-Botanical. Eduze kwekhampasi, kunengadi yezitshalo entshonalanga ye-Egyetem tér.

Okufanele ukwenze ku-Debrecen

IDebrecen Plaza etholakala enyakatho nje enkabeni yedolobha futhi ifinyeleleka kalula ngo-tram # 1 iyindawo encane yokuthenga. Kukhona, nokho inkundla yemidlalo yaseshashalazini yama-movie, isuphamakethe, i-arcade, nenkantolo yokudla neMcDonalds.

Iforamu yezitolo. Indawo entsha yezitolo emaphethelweni nje asempumalanga ye-Debrecen Plaza. Iphinde ibe nenkantolo yokudla nezitolo eziningi - ngokuba zinkulu futhi zihlukahluka kakhulu kune-Debrecen Plaza.

I-Flower Carnival (Virágkarnevál): 20 Agasti, njalo ngonyaka kuba nosuku lonke lokugubha amaholide ehlobo nawezwe lonke, ngezithombe eziqoshiwe noma eziqoshiwe ezenziwe ngezimbali, namanye ama-gras ama-mardi.

Umkhosi Wempi Yomkhosi (Katonazenekari fesztivál)

Phuma

I-Erdőspuszták IWoodlands (Erdőspuszták) yindawo yokulondolozwa kwemvelo ezungeze iDebrecen ivela empumalanga.

IZsuzsi Forest Railway, eyasungulwa ngonyaka we-1887. Lapho inwetshwa ibanga elingamakhilomitha angama-38 isuka eDebrecen ibheke eNyírmártonfalva ukuqhubekisela phambili ukugcinwa kwamahlathi ehlathini kanye nokuhambisa abagibeli besuka emadolobhaneni nasezindongeni ezungeze iDebrecen idolobha, namuhla ujantshi omncane weZsuzsi uthwala izixuku ezijabulile ukuya e-ervis igquma elincane le-DRMrmashegyalja. Isiteketiso sendawo endala endala eyenziwe ngokhuni yaqamba igama elisemthethweni elithi Zsuzsi (likaSusy) esitimeleni, yize isasebenza ngo-diesel kusukela ngo-1961.

Bánk resort isikhungo, arboretum kanye ukubonisa (izwe) indlu. 15min drive uya eningizimu-mpumalanga.

Amachibi eFancsika neVekery.

IHortobágy National Park ebangeni elingamakhilomitha angama-25 ukuya enyakatho-ntshonalanga yeDebrecen, iyipaki likazwelonke lokuqala nelikhulu ngobukhulu eHungary. Igcina impilo yendabuko (yemvelo kanye neyabantu) yePuszta emathafeni amakhulu aseHungary. Kukhona isitimela njalo emahoreni ama-2 ukusuka eGrand Station. Uma uhamba ngemoto, thatha umzila cha. 35.

IHajdúszoboszló, kwesinye isikhathi ebizwa ngokuthi iMekka ye-Rheumatics, iyidolobha elisentshonalanga nomgwaqo 4 owaziwa kakhulu ngama-spas awo. Kukhona inkonzo yebhasi ejwayelekile lapho esuka esiteshini sabaqeqeshi.

INyíregyháza, idolobha elincane eliqhele ngamakhilomitha angama-50 ukuya enyakatho, enamapaki nezikwele eziningana neSortst yamanzi, iyisihlalo sezwe leSzabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg. Isikhathi sokuhamba nensizakalo yehora le-InterCity kusuka esiteshini iGrand sithatha isigamu sehora. Ngemoto cishe ihora kungaba kumzila 4 noma u-motorways M35 (ubheke eBudapest) bese uM3 (ubheke eNyíregyháza).

Iwebhusayithi esemthethweni yezokuvakasha ye-Debrecen

Ngeminye imininingwane sicela uvakashele iwebhusayithi esemthethweni kahulumeni:

Bukela ividiyo emayelana neDebrecen

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