Hlola i-Alexandria Egypt

Hlola i-Alexandria, eGibhithe

Hlola i-Alexandria, EgyptIdolobha lesibili ngobukhulu (abantu abayizigidi ezingama-3.5), ichweba lawo elikhulu kunayo yonke kanye nefasitela lezwe olwandle lweMedithera. Kungumthunzi oshabalala wokuziqhenya kwaso kwendalo yonke, kodwa kusakufanelekela ukuvakashelwa ngenxa yokuheha amasiko amaningi kanye nokubabazeka kwayo okwenzeka kwesikhathi esedlule.

Ambalwa amadolobha omhlaba anomlando ocebile njengowase-Alexandria; amadolobha ambalwa abone izehlakalo ezinganekwane zomlando. Isungulwe ngu-Alexander the Great e331 BC, i-Alexandria yaba inhloko-dolobha yaseGreco-Roman Egypt; isimo saso njengesibuko sesiko sifanekiselwa nguFaros, isibani sendlu ekhanyayo eyayisengomunye Wezimangaliso Eziyisikhombisa Zomhlaba.

ILightouse yase-Alexandria yakhiwa ngekhulu lesithathu leminyaka nguPtolemy I esiqhingini saseP Pharos. Ukuphakama kwendlu yokukhanyisela kwakuphakathi kwamamitha we-115 ne-150, ngakho-ke kwakuphakathi kwezakhiwo eziphakeme kakhulu emhlabeni, kwesibili kwaba yi-Great Pyramids. Indlu yesibani sokwakhiwa kwendlu yakhiwe emafulethini e-3: isikwele phansi ngenhliziyo emaphakathi, isigaba sesilinganiso se-octagonal nangaphezulu kwengxenye ephezulu. Futhi ngaphezulu kwakukhona isibuko esiveza ukukhanya kwelanga emini futhi sisebenzise umlilo ebusuku. Kepha kulinyazwe ukuzamazama komhlaba kwe-2 ku-1303 kanye ne-1323.

ILabhulali yase-Alexandria yayiwumtapo wolwazi omkhulu wezwe lasendulo nendawo lapho izazi zefilosofi ezinkulu nososayensi baleyonkathi bafika bafuna ulwazi. Ngaleso sikhathi i-Alexandria yasingatha, umphakathi wamaJuda omkhulu kunayo yonke emhlabeni, kwathi iSeptuagint, inguqulo yokuqala yesiGreki yeBhayibheli lesiHeberu, yabhalwa kulo muzi.

Sekukonke, i-Alexandria ingelinye lamadolobha amakhulu kunawo wonke emhlabeni wamaHellenic, lesibili kwaba kulo Rome ngosayizi nengcebo, futhi ngenkathi iguqula izandla zisuka eRoma ziya eByzantine nakumaPheresiya ekugcineni, idolobha lahlala inhloko-dolobha Egypt kwenkulungwane.

Maye, umbuso waleli dolobha waphela lapho ama-Arabhu enqoba Egypt e-641 futhi nganquma ukuthola capital entsha eningizimu Cairo.

I-Alexandria yasinda njengechweba lokuhweba; UMarco Polo uchaze cishe i-1300 njengenye yamachweba amabili ahamba phambili emhlabeni, kanye neQuanzhou. Kodwa-ke, indawo yayo enamasu okusho ukuthi wonke amabutho asendleleni eya eGibhithe ayedlula lapho:

I-Alexandria yanamuhla iyidolobha laseGibhithe elinothuli elinabantu abagcwele ngokweqile abayizigidi ezingama-5, nokho isimo salo njengechweba laseGibhithe elihola phambili ligcina ibhizinisi lihlazo, futhi izivakashi zisathelekela emabhishi ngesikhathi sasehlobo. Futhi ngenkathi ingxenye enkulu yedolobha idinga kakhulu ukukhothwa ngopende, umlando owasendulo nowanamuhla ukuyo yonke indawo uma ubhekisisa ngokwanele: amapaki aseFrance kanye nophawu lwesitaladi lwaseFrance ngezikhathi ezithile asinda njengefa likaNapoleon, elinye lama-Alexandria's abanqobi abaningi, futhi izindawo zokudlela nezindawo zokudlela zamaGriki ezimbalwa ezisele zisabusa endaweni yesiko.

I-Alexandria inesimo sezulu saseMedithera, esinezihlobo ezifudumele zasehlobo nezimvula zobusika.

Isisekelo esiyisisekelo se-Alexandria yiCorniche yasolwandle. Ephuzwini elisentshonalanga kukhona inqaba yaseQait Bey, eyakhiwe eduze nendawo eyayiqhutshelwa kuyo ngaphambili, lapho ugu olusempumalanga luqhuma ngamamayela ngamaphethelo kanye nokuzimisela kuka-Alex wanamuhla.

I-Alexandria ifinyelelwa kalula ngendiza, isitimela noma ngebhasi.

Ongakubona e-Alexandria, eGibhithe. Izindawo ezihamba phambili eziphezulu e-Alexandria, eGibhithe.

  • ICitadel yaseQaitbay, eRas el-Tin. I-9AM-4PM. Enye yezimpawu zedolobha endaweni enhle, inqaba ebuka uLwandle iMedithera nedolobha uqobo. Wakhiwa uMameluke Sultan Abdul-Nasser Qa'it Bay e-1477 AD kodwa wakhula futhi wakha kabusha kabili kusukela ngaleso sikhathi. Le ndawo yakhiwa nge-1480 nguSultan Qaitbay esakhiweni seP Pharos Llightouse, ukuvikela lo muzi ezinhlwini ezazihlasela lo muzi ngolwandle. ICitadel itholakala emnyango wechweba elingasempumalanga endaweni esempumalanga yesiQhingi seParos. Yakhiwa endaweni ngqo yeLightouse edumile yase-Alexandria. Indlu yokukhanyisela yaqhubeka isebenza kuze kufike isikhathi sokunqotshwa kwama-Arabhu, khona-ke kwenzeka izinhlekelele eziningana futhi isimo sendlu yokukhanyisela sashintshwa ngezinga elithile, kodwa saqhubeka nokusebenza. Ngesikhathi se-11thcentury ukuzamazama komhlaba kubhubhise phezulu kwendlu yokukhanyisela futhi phansi kwakusetshenziswa njengendawo yokubukela. Kwakhiwa Mosque encane esiqongweni. Cishe i-1480 AD le ndawo yaqiniswa njengengxenye yamabhilidi okuvikela izivikela ogwini. Ngokukhamba kwesikhathi isigodlo esibukeka njenge-citadel sakhiwa njengejele lezikhulu kanye nomuntu-wombuso. Manje iMnyuziyamu wase Maritime.
  • Amathuna kaManafa Kamel. Amathuna afaka amathuna amane aqala ngekhulu lesibili leminyaka B.C.E., wonke asesimweni esihle kakhulu futhi ahlotshiswe kahle.
  • Kom el-Shouqafa, Karmouz. I-Kom el-Shouqafa isho ukuthi “indunduma yama shade” noma “amabhodwe.” Igama langempela laseGibhithe lasendulo kwakunguRa-Qedillies, futhi lisendaweni lapho indawo kanye nedolobha lokudoba laseRhakotis, ingxenye yakudala yase-Alexandria ebikezela u-Alexander the Great , ibikhona. Imigudu engaphansi komhlaba yamakhathidethi ilele esifundeni saseKarmouz esinabantu abaningi empumalanga ye-Alexandria. Ama-catacombs cishe asetshenziswa njengethuna langasese, lomndeni owodwa ocebile, futhi kamuva laguqulwa laba ngamathuna omphakathi. Zakhiwa ngokwakhiwa kwezinga eliphansi okungenzeka ukuthi kwakusebenza njengendawo yokungcwaba, isitebhisi esijulile esijikelezayo kanye namazinga amathathu angaphansi komhlaba wokuzijabulisa nokuzibandakanya. Ama-catacombs ahlukile kokubili ngohlelo lwawo nokuhlobisa kwawo, okubonisa ukuhlanganiswa kwamasiko namasiko amaGibhithe, amaGrikhi namaRoma Catacombs.
  • Insika kaPompey, uKarmouz. Itshe lesikhumbuzo lakudala, le kholamu yamamitha ama-25-high-granite yakhiwa ukuhlonipha i-Emperor Diocletian ku-AD 297. Indawo evaliwe lapho ikholamu imi khona inamanye futhi amanxiwa nezibazi ezifana neSerapium oracle. Futhi ngale ndawo kunendawo enkulu yokuthenga yezindwangu nefenisha ebizwa nge- “El-Saa3a,” lapho ungathola khona izinhlobo eziningi zezindwangu noma zezingubo.
  • I-Theatre yaseRoma, uKom El-Dikka. Yakhelwe nge-2nd century AD, le nkundla yase-Roma ine-13 tiicular tiers eyenziwe ngemabula elimhlophe nelimpunga, enezihlalo zemabula ezingafinyelela kubabukeli be-800, imidwebo kanye nezingxenye ze-mosaic-flooring. Ezikhathini zePtolemaic le ndawo kwakuyiPaki yasePan, insimu yobumnandi eyayizungezwe yizindlu zokugezela zaseRoma nezindawo zokugeza.
  • IMontazah Palace, i-El Montazah. Wakhelwe e-1892 ngu-Abbas II waseGibhithe u-Abbas Hilmi Pasha, oyisikhulu sokugcina eGibhithe. Enye yezakhiwo zesigodlo, iHaramlek, manje iqukethe amakhasino phansi kanye nomnyuziyamu wezingwalo zobukhosi emazingeni aphezulu, kanti iSalamlek iguqulwe yaba yihhotela elibizayo. Izingxenye zezingadi ezibanzi (ngama-200 acres) zivulekele umphakathi.
  • I-Tomb of the Soldier engaziwa, iMansheya. I-Gibhithe ine-Tomb ye-Soldier engaziwa ngokuhlonipha ukuthi yempi.
  • IRas el-Tin Palace, eRas el-Tin. Ayivulekele izivakashi, maye.
  • Isigodlo SikaMongameli, Montontah.
  • I-Alexandria National Museum, ikota yesiLatin. IHistory Museum enezicucu zemivubukulo ezingaphezu kwe-1800 iboniswe ngokulandelana kwezikhathi: isendlalelo sinikezelwe ezikhathini ze-Prehistoric nePharonic; isitezi sokuqala kuya esikhathini sama-Greco-Roman; isitezi sesibili enkathini yamaCopt neyamaSulumane aqokomisa ubuciko obukhulisiwe phakathi kokumbiwa kwakamuva kwamanzi.
  • I-Greco-Roman Museum, i-Latin quarter.Imyuziyam yomlando equkethe iqoqo elikhulu kakhulu kusukela ngekhulu le-3rd BC kuya ngekhulu le-3rd AD, kuthatha isikhathi sePtolemaic neRoma.
  • Imyuziyamu yobuciko obuhle, uMoharram Bey. Uqukethe izinto eziningi zobukhosi eziyigugu.
  • Isikhungo Sikazwelonke Sezolwandle Nezokudoba, i-Anfoushi (eceleni kweQait Bey). I-Aquarium nemiboniso yemnyuziyamu.
  • I-Royal Jewelle Museum, ezezia. Uqukethe izinto eziningi zobukhosi eziyigugu.
  • Qaed Ibrahim Mosque, eduze kwesiteshi saseRamleh
  • I-El-Mursi Abul-Abbas Mosque, Anfoushi. Wakhelwa e-1775 ngabase-Algeria, leli mosque lakhiwa ngaphezu kwethuna likasile saint wekhulu leminyaka le-13, u-Ahmed Abu al-Abbas al-Mursi. Izindonga zalesi mosque zigqoke itshe lokufakelwa, kuyilapho i-minaret, etholakala ngasohlangothini oluseningizimu, ime kumamitha we-73.
  • Mosque Attarine, Attarine. Ekuqaleni isonto elalinikezelwe eSanta Athanasius e370 futhi laguqulwa laba yisonto lamaSulumane elalandela ukunqotshwa kweGibhithe ngamaSulumane.
  • I-Bibliotheca Alexandrina, Shatby. Vula nsuku zonke ngaphandle koLwesihlanu kusuka ku-11 AM kuya ku-6: 00 PM. Umtapo omkhulu wesimanjemanje nesikhungo sokucwaninga esakhiwa eduze kwendawo ye-Library yangaphambili yase-Alexandria. Inesikhungo esikhulu senkomfa nePlanethium, kanye nemibukiso yemibhalo yasendulo evela eqoqweni neminye imibukiso ekhethekile.
  • ICorniche iyindlela ekhazimulayo yokuhamba ngezinyawo i-15km (wharf / pier / boardwalk) eceleni kwetheku eligcwele izindawo zokudlela, izimakethe nokubona okungokomlando.
  • I-El Alamein - i-120 km entshonalanga ne-Alexandria indawo yezimpi eziningana ezibalulekile kusuka emlandweni futhi njengamanje iyikhaya lezikhumbuzo eziningi zempi, amangcwaba neminyuziyamu. Futhi eyakhelwe ogwini lwaseMedithera, u-El Alamein wake wachazwa ngokudabukisayo yiChurchill ngokuthi 'inesimo sezulu esihle kunazo zonke emhlabeni'.
  • Marina - indawo ebheke ngasolwandle ngasolwandle ebangeni elingamakhilomitha ayi-100 ukusuka e-Alexandria

Yini okufanele uyenze e-Alexandria, eGibhithe

  • I-Sunbathe ebhishi laseMa'moura noma iMontazah. Ngesikhathi sasehlobo amabhishi agcwele izivakashi zaseGibhithe, amapharishi nezihlalo zepulasitiki. Ngalesi sikhathi isihlabathi namanzi kungaba nepulasitiki elahlekile elintantayo nxazonke.
  • Izingadi ZaseMontazah Royal Gardens Noma izingadi ziyingxenye yezindawo ezingaphezu kwamahektare angamakhulu amathathu namashumi amahlanu zendlu enkulu yasebukhosini eyaziwa ngokuthi yiMuntazah Palace, iMontazah Royal Gardens ithatha ingxenye engaphezu kwengxenye yale ndawo. Izingadi zaseMontazah Royal Gardens zitholakala ogwini futhi, okusho ukufinyelela emabhishi athandekayo namanzi afudumele oLwandle iMedithera. Izingadi zaseMontazah Royal Gardens zihluke kakhulu lapho amapaki amadolobha nezindawo zomphakathi zithinteka khona njengoba zigingqwe ngokuqinile, futhi zigcinwe kahle ngamabhentshi kanye namachibi okuhamba noma okubhukuda avulekele umphakathi ukujabulela.
  • Futhi eMontazah, iMontazah Water Sports, ihlinzeka ngemidlalo ehlukahlukene yamanzi, ukusuka emanzini ukuya kogibela, ngisho neBanana Boat neDonuts.
  • Qasha isikebhe uhambe ngomkhumbi eRas el-Tin.
  • Uhamba ibanga elide yiCorniche enhle oLwandle iMedithera.
  • I-Casino Austria yaseGibhithe -B CP W, I-Casino i-Egypt yaseGibhithe ivulekele abangaphandle kuphela. Yaziwa nangokuthi i-El-Salamlek Palace Casino. Imidlalo ifaka iBlackjack, iRoulette, iPunto Banco, iSlot Machines neCaribbean Stud Poker. ICasino Austria yaseGibhithe itholakala e-El-Salamlek Palace Hotel e-Alexandria.
  • Idolobhana elidala lase-Alexandria linobunzima obukhulu bezitolo nezincwadi ezidayisa izincwadi ezweni lama-Arabhu ngaphandle kwaseBeirut. Impatho ethile umugqa omude wabathengisi bezindawo ezihamba ngamapulangwe ku-Nabi Danyal Street, ngaphesheya kweFrance Cultural Center.
  • I-Alexandria Sporting Club, (khona kanye enhliziyweni ye-Alexandria) yakhiwa e-1898 futhi yasetshenziswa ngenkathi kubuswa abaseBrithani. Ingenye yamakilabhu amadala ezemidlalo eGibhithe. Namuhla, umdlalo wegalofu ume kuma-federans e-97, amaphesenti we-97 enza indawo ephelele yeklabhu. Kuyinkambo ethambile enama-bunkers anobuqili futhi ingadlalwa ngabaqalayo kanye nochwepheshe. Iklabhu ibuye ibe nezindawo zokudlela ezine, iKlabhu yeNdlu yokudlela yaseClub House yiyona ebukhazikhazi kunayo yonke, nendawo yokudlela ye-Happy Land esebenza endaweni yokudlala yezingane. Futhi kunikeza i-party catering.
  • I-Smouha Sporting Club eSmouha. I-International Hockey Stadium enamachibi amaningi okubhukuda, inqwaba yamabala ebhola, amathrekhi amabili agijimayo nokunye okuningi. Amalungu nezivakashi zivunyelwe kuphela.
  • Qasha amagiya e-scuba kusuka e-Alexandra Dive futhi ungene emanzini nge-East Harbor yasendulo. Zilungiselele ukubonakala okungekuhle, izinqubo zokuphepha ezingekho futhi unganaki ngokuphelele okwenziwe ngomlando.
  • Iya ukubhukuda kwiLive Club noma eLagoon Resort, phambi kweCarrefour.
  • Iya kudansa esikhungweni i-Rezodanse - i-Egyptpte (yedolobha lase-Alexandria, i-15 Sezostris Street, phambi kweBanque du Caire). Lesi sikhungo samasiko sinikeza amakilasi ejwayelekile eBallet, eFlamenco, kumdanso wesikhashana kanye nomdanso waseGibhithe Folkloric Dance. Iworkshop ekhethekile nothisha abavakashi nayo iyatholakala, kanye nokwenzeka ngesikhathi kwesiko (imibukiso, ukusayina incwadi,). Inikeza ngemisebenzi ehlukahlukene efanelekayo abadala nezingane.

Izindawo eziningi zibonakala zilandela isikhathi sokuthenga esithengiwe. Ubusika: NgoLwesibili, Wed, Fri noSat 9AM-10PM, uMsombuluko noLwesine 9AM-11AM. Ngesikhathi seRamadan, amahora ayahlukahluka, nezitolo zivame ukuvalwa ngeSonto. Ihlobo: NgoLwesibili, Wed, Fri-Sun 9AM-12: 30PM kanye 4-12: 30 PM.

Izitolo zokuthenga

  • I-Alexandria City Center. Izitolo ezinkulu ezinezitolo ezinkulu ezinkulu, izitolo zekhofi nezamabhayisikobho. Thatha itekisi ukufika lapha.
  • Mirage Mall. Indawo enkulu ethengisa izitolo ngaphambi kweCarrefour. Izitolo zezingubo zifaka nezitolo zasefektri i-Adidas kanye neTimberland, kanye namakhekhe nezindawo zokudlela ezidumile ezibandakanya iChili's nePasadena Roof.
  • UDeeb Mall, uRoushdy. I-Midrange Shopping mall enamabhayisikobho kanye nenkantolo yokudla. hlela
  • Indawo Yomndeni. Izitolo ezinkulu zentengiso eMidrange eGianaclis Station.
  • IGreen Plaza, (eduze neHilton Hotel). Izitolo ezinkulu ezitolo ezinkulu ezinezitolo eziningi, izindawo zokudlela, ama-cinema nezinkantolo zemidlalo yama-Bowling.
  • UKirosez Mall, Mostafa Kamel. Isitolo sasemitolo aphakathi nendawo.
  • Mina Mall, u-Ibrahimia. Enye inxanxathela yezitolo Midrange
  • Maamoura Plaza Mall, Maamoura. Ezinye izindawo zokudlela.
  • ISan Stefano Grand Plaza Mall, iSan Stefano (empumalanga ye-Alexandria, eduze kwe-Four Season Hotel). Mhlawumbe iyindawo enkulukazi yezitolo e-Alexandria. Ukuthenga okunethezeka, ama-cinema e-10, inkantolo yokudla enkulu
  • Wataniyya Mall, Sharawy St (Louran). Izitolo ezincane ezitolo.
  • UZahran Mall, uSmouha. Izamabhanana nezitolo zekhofi.

I-Alexandria idume ngokuba nezindawo zokudlela zasolwandle ezihamba phambili kuleli.

Eminyakeni engu-50 edlule imigoqo yamabhara nama-nightclub agcwele leli dolobha, kepha izivakashi eziya e-Alexandria yanamuhla zivame ukukhononda ngokuthi kungaba nzima ukuthola umgodi omuhle wokunisela.

Amahhotela nezindawo zokudlela ezivakashelwa kakhulu e-Alexandria naseGibhithe iningi lasekhaya lihlala imigoqo kanye nama-disc.

I-ahwa ethobekile, ekhonza ikofi, itiye kanye ne-shisha (ipayipi lamanzi) isiko laseGibhithe futhi kunokuningi okutholakala e-Alexandria. Zama ukukhukhumeza, dlala i-backgammon noma i-Dominoes, bese ubuka umhlaba udlula. Lokhu ikakhulukazi kuyisizinda sowesilisa, futhi abesifazane akuvamile ukubonwa kubo.

Ngaphezu kwezinketho zasendaweni, kune-Starbucks eSan Stefano Grand Plaza naseCosta Kofi eduze kwaseStanley Bridge.

I-Alexandria yidolobha eligcina imvelo, ngakho-ke abesifazane kufanele bamboze amahlombe abo, amabanga aphakathi kwamabili, amakhanda nemilenze. Mboza ikhanda lapho ungena ezindaweni zokukhulekela.

Zizwe ukhululekile ukuhlola i-Alexandria.

Iwebhusayithi esemthethweni yezokuvakasha yase-Alexandria, eGibhithe

Ngeminye imininingwane sicela uvakashele iwebhusayithi esemthethweni kahulumeni:

Bukela ividiyo ekhuluma nge-Alexandria, eGibhithe

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Amathiphu Ewusizo Wohambo Qiniseka ukuthi ufunda lezi zeluleko zokuhamba ngaphambi kokuhamba. Ukuhamba kugcwele izinqumo ezinkulu - njengokuthi ngivakashelwa yiliphi izwe, ukuthi uzosebenzisa malini nokuthi uzoyeka nini ukulinda bese ekugcineni wenze leso sinqumo esibaluleke kakhulu sokuthatha amathikithi. Nawa amanye amathiphu alula abushelelezi ngendlela elandelayo […]