Hlola iHavana

Hlola iHavana, Cuba

Hlola iHavana, inhloko-dolobha ye Cuba, kanye nesinye sezifundazwe eziyishumi nane zeRiphabhlikhi yaseCuba.

Ngaphambi kwenguquko yamaKhomanisi, iHavana yayingenye yeholide elishisayo I-Caribbean, futhi selokhu iCuba ivulelwe kabusha ukuhambela ezokuvakasha kuma-1990s, sekuyindawo edumile yokuphinda ihambisane nezakhamizi eziningi zaseMelika, ngenxa yokuvinjwa kokuhamba konke okugcinwe uhulumeni wezwe lase-US. Kodwa-ke, kuzoba khona izivakashi eziningi nganoma yisiphi isikhathi sonyaka, ngakho-ke lindela izixuku ezinkulu kanye nemigqa emide ezindaweni.

ICuba inesimo sezulu esishisayo, enesimo sezulu esifudumele, nesomswakama unyaka wonke, yize izinga lokushisa elibandayo lalikhona ezintabeni ngaphambili. Njengoba uzungezwe ulwandle i-Atlantic Ocean, ulwandle lweCaribbean, kanye ne-Gulf of Mexico, ICuba inamanzi afudumele unyaka wonke, namazinga okushisa amanzi ebusika e-24C, entwasahlobo futhi emazingeni okushisa at 26C kanye namazinga okushisa ehlobo e-28C

Isikhumulo sezindiza iJose Marti International sinezindawo ezintathu ezihlukene. I-terminal 1 yezindiza zangaphakathi (ezifuywayo), i-terminal 2 yenzelwe ikakhulukazi izindiza ezisuka e-USA kanti iTheminali 3 isetshenziselwa zonke ezinye izindiza zomhlaba.

Yonke imithwalo iskenwa nge-X-ray ngemuva kokudilizwa nangemva kokulawulwa kwepasipoti. Iziphathimandla zenkambiso zingaqine kakhulu, futhi zingabuka noma yiziphi izinto ze-elekthronikhi noma ezinye izinto. Kodwa-ke, uma uthatha imishini yekhompyutha neyekhamera kuphela, angakwazi ukukuxhaxha futhi angabheki amafomu akho wesiko. Iziphathimandla zamasiko nezokufika nazo zisebenza kancane futhi ukubuyiselwa kwemithwalo kuhamba kancane, ngakho-ke lindela isikhathi eside ukulinda lapho ungena ezweni.

Ukuhamba eduze kwamatekisi akwaCoco kungokuhamba okungabizi. Coco Amatekisi kanye nezithuthuthu ezintathu ezinamasondo ezinqola kuyindlela eshibhile yokuhambahamba maphakathi neHavana.

Njengomvakashi, indlela elula yokuthola iHavana ngetekisi. Amanye amatekisi angama-Chevys amadala aseMelika aqhamuka kuma-1950's, amanye (ngandlela-thile) abasebasha baseRussia Ladas, kanti amatekisi amaningi abavakashi angama-Peugeots anamuhla, amaSkodas kanye namaMercedes.

Akukho emthethweni ukuthi izivakashi zigibele noma yini ngaphandle kwetekisi elisemthethweni likahulumeni.

Ukuhamba uzungeze iHavana kuyindlela enhle kakhulu yokubona nokuhlangenwe nakho kwedolobha: thola imephu enhle yedolobha futhi uthole izinto ezintsha ngezinyawo. Abaningi bakhetha ukukwenza ngomhlahlandlela wokuvakasha wasendaweni. Iningi labo lingabafundisi bezilimi zakwamanye amazwe, abanye bangaba nodokotela. Uzothola okungcono kulayini.

Yini ukubona. Izindawo zokudlela ezihamba phambili ezihamba phambili eHavana, Cuba

  • Isakhiwo seCapitol eHavana (Capitolio Nacional)
  • Imnyuziyamu yeRevolution neCapitol Building.
  • Vakashela ifektri ye-cigar bukhoma. Olunye uhambo oluhambisayo lusemngceleni wePeñalver neSan Carlos (nje eyi-1 mile eningizimu-ntshonalanga ye-Old Havana La Habana Vieja), amathikithi angathengwa ngaphambi kwesikhathi. Izinkambo zesiNgisi ziyatholakala. Sicela wazi ukuthi akukho sithombe esivumelekile. Yindawo lapho futhi ungaqiniseka ukuthi uthola ama-cigar afanele esitolo - ebiza kakhulu kunokunikezwa 'komgwaqo' - kodwa ikhwalithi yalokhu "okunikezwa komgwaqo" ngokuqinisekileyo iyangabazeka.
  • I-Havana Club Rum Factory. Iya kuhambo oluqondiswa yiHavana Club, enye yezimbangi ezaziwa kakhulu eCuba. Iningi lemibukiso ibhalwe ngesiNgisi futhi iyazichaza.
  • Hamba ngomgwaqo uPrado kusihlwa. Isikhala esikhulu somphakathi - ngeshwa asikhanyisiwe ebusuku. I-Prado iyazitika ngokuphila komgwaqo, ikhefi kanye nentelezi.
  • Uhambe nge-El Malecón. Ukuhambahamba okuthandekayo kwabavakashi kanye nabendawo, ukuhamba ngeM malecon kugijimela imigwaqo emikhulu yaseHavana futhi kunikeze ukubukwa okumangazayo kweBay.
  • Jabulela inkazimulo kaLa Habana Vieja (Idolobha Elidala), enye yawo yafiphala futhi yashayeka - kepha ziningi izakhiwo ezibuyiselwe ubuhle ngenxa yokubizwa kwe-UNESCO World Heritage Site.
  • I-Plaza de la Revolución. IHuge Square ephethwe yisithombe nesikhumbuzo sikaJose Marti kanye nesithombe sodumo sikaChe Guevara esihlobisa uMnyango Wezangaphakathi. Fika ekuseni noma sekwephuzile, njengoba kuvame ukugcotshwa izivakashi futhi kushisa kakhulu phakathi nosuku.
  • UJohn Lennon Park eVedado. Kuyaphawuleka izibuko zamehlo ezitshontshiwe (futhi futhi esikhundleni sazo).
  • Ihhotela Habana Libre eVedado. Ihhotela lahlalisa amasosha kaCastro izinsuku eziningana ngemuva kokuthatha iHavana. Inokukhethwa okuhle kwezithombe egumbini lokuhlala kanye nesinye sezindawo zokudlela ezisheshayo zehora le-24 edolobheni.
  • Jabulela ukubukwa okungatheni kwe-360-degree yedolobha usebenzisa i-Camara Oscura enkulu edolobheni elidala.
  • I-Catedral de San Cristobal eHavana yakudala. Ithi yisibonelo kuphela sokwakhiwa kwe-baroque enezici ezinjengokulingana, enye yemibhoshongo ebanzi kunesinye.
  • IPlaza de Armas. Njengoba ibanzi futhi yinhle, isikwere sizungezwe ukwakhiwa kwe-baroque okuyinika i-milieu eyiqiniso yamakoloni. Yabekwa ngesikhathi sama-1600s, kwathatha indawo iplaza yakudala eyaba yisizinda somsebenzi wezenkolo, wokuphatha kanye nowezempi. Kuze kube maphakathi ne-18th century, yayisetshenziselwa ukuzivocavoca kwezempi nama-parade. Ngemuva kokuphinda ibuye kabusha phakathi kweminyaka ye-1771-1838, yaba indawo evumayo yomhlangano kwabacebile bomuzi. Namuhla yaziwa nangokuthi i-Céspedes Park, ukuhlonipha uBaba osungula izwe, okuyisikhumbuzo salo esime enkabeni yalo. Lesi sikwele singesinye esivelele kunazo zonke edolobheni, esifakwe ngabathengisi bezincwadi zasendulo nezincwadi zasendulo kumaLatin American kanye nezincwadi zomhlaba. Okubalulekile kwenani eliphawuleka ngokomlando obekwe ngasikweleni okufana nesihlahla se-capok (i-Ceiba) lapho isisindo sokuqala sokusungulwa kwedolobha sasisebenza khona e1519.
  • UCastillo de la Real Fuerza uyinqaba endala kunayo yonke ebabazekayo ku-New World futhi manje usephinde wavula njengemnyuziyamu wolwandle waseCuba. (Kukhona nomnyuziyamu omncane wasolwandle eCienfuegos.). Imnyuziyamu iqukethe imibukiso emihle yeminyaka yasolwandle yasolwandle edlule, kusukela ezinsukwini ezandulela iColumban kuya kwi-18th Century neRoyal Shipyard yaseHavana, enye yezindawo ezinkulu emhlabeni ezake zakha cishe imikhumbi ye-200 yeSpanish yaseSpain. Imnyuziyamu inomfuziselo omkhulu wamamitha amane weSantisima Trinidad, esesitezi esikhulu ngesikrini esikhulu sokuxhumana esichazayo, esichaza impilo esemkhunjini we-18th Century Ship-of-the-line eSpain, French, and English. Umkhumbi wokuqala wethulwa eHavana Bay ngoMashi 2, 1769 futhi wawungumkhumbi omkhulu kunawo wonke emhlabeni nge-18th Century, ne-140 cannons emaphepheni amane ezibhamu. Wayengomunye wemikhumbi emine eyakhiwe eCuba e-Battle of Trafalgar e-1805. Phansi phansi uzothola amathuluzi asendulo wokuzulazula, ubuciko bemivubukulo engaphansi kwamanzi, negolide nesiliva kusukela enkathini yamakoloni. Futhi qaphela isimo sezulu sokuqala, iLa Giraldilla, ngenkathi isithombe sakhe sihamba emoyeni oshisayo phezulu kombhoshongo wenqaba, oyalela ukubuka okuhle kwedolobha. Izinga lesibili lemnyuziyamu liphatha ezinye izinhlobo eziningi zomlando nezesikhashana zemikhumbi en izixhumanisi eziya kuzo Cuba futhi iyindawo enhle yokubuka ichweba nolwandle lwesibhakabhaka.
  • INecropolis de Cristobal Colon - indawo yamathuna amakhulu asentshonalanga nePlaza de la Revolución. Ngeshwa bakhokhisa njengakuyo yonke indawo eCuba.
  • iMalecón, indawo enhle yokuhambahamba.
  • I-Latin American New Cinema Festival, ngumcimbi othandwayo oqhutshwa njalo ngoDisemba, kuhlolwa amafilimu aphesheya nokudweba abantu be500,000.
  • I-Tropicana Show (Umbukiso we-cabaret). Qaphela ukuthi umbukiso wesibili ohamba phambili we-cabaret edolobheni useCabaret Parisien eHhotela Nacionale. Kukhona imibukiso ye-cabaret engabizi kakhulu, etholwa amaCuba asendaweni angakwazi ukuyikhokhela, ngakho-ke yiba khona.
  • Thatha uhambo ngemoto endala yehora kubantu abangafika kwabane, uqhutshwe uzungeze iHavana ngesitayela. Khetha imoto oyithandayo eduzane neHhotela Inglaterra noma ngaphandle kweMnyuziyamu Wezinguquko. Qaphela ukuthi labo abasesabelomali bangagibela izimoto ezindala ngokuthatha amatekisi abiwe.
  • Hambani nizungeze iHavana Vieja ekuseni.
  • Thatha uhambo oluqondisiwe lokuhamba ngeHavana.
  • Iya kumabhishi asempumalanga (i-Playas del Este) - kukhona ibhasi elisuka eHhotela Inglaterra njalo ngemizuzu ye-30. Ukugibela kuthatha imizuzu eyi-30.
  • I-Havana Underground Bike Tour, San Lázaro 117, Centro Habana. Phakathi kukaJovellar no i-San Francisco. (Citykleta). Kuyisigameko esimangazayo ukubona idolobha elihle ngendlela ejabulisayo. Ulwazi lokusakaza kanye nomdlandla kwenza umoya omuhle futhi kukuvumela ukuthi uhlangane nabantu abasha ngenkathi uthatha izindawo ezizungezile.
  • Hamba ngeMalecón, udonga lolwandle olugudla ugu lwaseHavana. Ngezimpelasonto yilapho abantu bendawo beza emcimbini, ngakho-ke uze nebhodlela ujoyine.

Cishe yonke indawo yokudlela namahhotela asedolobheni kuneqembu elihle lendlu elidlala izintandokazi ezindala.

IHavana yidolobha elibizayo ngokumangalisayo ukuhlala kulo; uma uhlala emahhotela futhi udla ezindaweni zokudlela kungasebenza ukuthi kubize kakhulu njengezinye izindawo ezithandwayo zomhlaba wonke.

Ama-ATM akunzima kakhulu ukuwathola entshonalanga nedolobha laseHavana, kodwa khumbula ukuthi amakhadi okuthenga ngesikweletu aseMelika awakwazi ukusetshenziswa eHavana. Qaphela ukuthi ngisho namakhadi wesikweletu akhishwe emazweni angewona awaseMelika angakhishwa yibhange elinenkampani yabazali iyinhlangano yabasebenzi baseMelika. Kulokhu, ikhadi ngeke lisebenze njengoba inkampani yabazali iboshwe ngumthetho wase-US. Ngisho namabhange angabanini bezinkampani ezingezona ezaseMelika angaba nenqubomgomo yokuvimba okwenziwayo eCuba ukuze angalingisi ibhizinisi labo laseMelika. Njalo hlola nebhange lakho noma i-Card Card Company ngaphambi kokuhamba ekhaya ukubona ukuthi ikhadi lakho lizosebenza yini eHavana. Futhi, ama-ATM awemukeli i-MasterCard / Maestro kodwa amakwe ukuze amukele i-Visa.

Ama-Cocktails eCuba anamanani afanayo amangalisayo cishe nomaphi lapho uya khona (ngaphandle kwamahhotela aphethwe yisifundazwe afana ne-Hotel Nacional, ekhokhisa okuningi). Ngenkathi amanani entengo ecishe afane, ikhwalithi nenani lihlukahluka kakhulu.

Ungaba nesikhathi esihle ngaphandle kweHhotela Inglaterra eduze kwesakhiwo seCapitólio, uphuza i-daiquiris nama-mojitos ngentengo engabizi.

Kunezinhlobo ezimbili zezindawo ongaya kuzaphuza e-Havana: Amabha we-CUC aseNtshonalanga anezintengo eziseduze naseNtshonalanga, ukukhetha okuhle kweziphuzo zekhwalithi (futhi kwesinye isikhathi ukudla), imihlobiso emnandi, abasebenzi abakhuthazekile futhi kuvame ukuba ngumculo bukhoma, imvamisa etholakala ezindaweni ezishisayo zezivakashi ezinjenge-Old Havana namahhotela abavakashi. Lapha uzohlangana kakhulu nezinye izivakashi, ama-expats kanye nama-Cuba ambalwa ngokuthola imali enzima, kepha ungalindeli ulwazi 'lwasendaweni'.

Okunye ongakwenza ukuthola imigoqo yasendaweni lapho ungakhetha khona kusuka kwikhwalithi ephezulu, kepha kunqunyelwe, ukukhetha iziphuzo (ikakhulukazi ezikhiqizwe endaweni yakini ngebhodlela, ubhiya neziphuzo ezithambile, kuyaqabukela ungabi namandla okuthola ama-cocktails afana nama-mojitos) , i-cigars yomuntu okhathazayo, ugwayi wekhwalithi engcono kakhulu, futhi kwesinye isikhathi ukudla okulula. Amabha wasendaweni amukela ama-CUPs futhi ashibhile ukungcola, yize abagcini bemigoqo bevame ukukubuza ama-CUCs esikhundleni salokho - kukuwe ukuthi uxoxisane ngentengo eyamukelekayo, kepha khumbula ukuthi abasebenzi bendawo yendawo bayizisebenzi zikahulumeni futhi (ngokoqobo) bakhokhe imali. Lawa mabha futhi ayindlela enhle yokuhlangana nabasendaweni abangase bavule kancane futhi bakhulume ngempilo yabo ngemuva kweziphuzo ezimbalwa.

Imigoqo yendawo ayinzima kangako ukuthola yize ingenazo izimpawu eziveziwe ezivezwe ngaphandle. Vele ubuze noma uhambe uzungeze indawo yangakini futhi ubheke igumbi elinophahla olungenamuntu, olungenamikhawulo ngaphandle kokuhlobisa noma ifenisha, gcina umgoqo nezihlalo ezimbalwa ezimibalabala namatafula, abasebenzi abathukile nabacindezelekile / abanesithukuthezi / odakiwe - Amakhasimende atholakalayo, cishe njalo angamadoda. Ngokuphikisana CubaIdumela lami njengesizwe esinomculo nesithokozisayo esinothando, lezi zindawo akuzona izindaba ezixakile - zithule, zicishe zanqotshwa, umculo awudlalwa kakhulu (uma kwenzeka, uqhamuka emsakazweni kepha ungakaze ubekhona) zamakamelo okulinda wesitimela womhlaba wesithathu.

Noma kunjalo, benzela okuhlangenwe nakho okuhle (ikakhulukazi uma wenza umzamo wokukhuluma nabantu bendawo ethile - ukuthengela ukuthenga isiphuzo kuzokwenza ingxoxo iqhubeke, akumangazi lapho), futhi banikeza ukuqonda okuhle kokuthi impilo kufanele ibe yini amaCuba ajwayelekile ngaphandle kwemali enzima. Njengesivakashi sakwamanye amazwe, uzokwamukelwa ngokujwayelekile.

Kunezindawo eziyinhloko ze-3 abahambi abavame ukuhlala kuzo: I-Old Havana iyona edla ubhedu (abanye bangathi umatasa futhi ungcolile), iCentral Havana ithule kancane futhi izingxenye ezithile zingaba izithombo ezinwabuzelayo, kanti iVedado iyona ethule kakhulu ngokuhlaza okukhulu, futhi indawo yokuthola amahhotela amakhulu nemininingwane emihle ye-Casas.

Amahhotela ayahluka. Ngenkathi yonke indawo kufanele ibe namanzi ashisayo nogesi oqinile, awukwazi neze ukulindela ukuthi kube nomoya (yize abaningi benayo), noma i-TV, futhi kuyomelwe ube nenhlanhla enkulu ukuthola indawo nge-Wi-Fi.

IHavana iphephe impela idolobha elikhulu. Ngokuthembela kakhulu kwezokuvakasha, amaphoyisa aseCuba akuyo yonke indawo futhi anaka ngokukhethekile izindawo lapho izihambi zihlanganela khona, ngakho-ke akudingeki wesabe ukuthi uzoba yisikhathi sasemini. Izigwebo zejele ngamacala athinta izivakashi zinobunzima obukhulu, okuyiqiniso abahlali abakwaziyo, okungeza ungqimba olwengeziwe lokunqanda. Ubugebengu obunobudlova buyaqabukela. Kuphephile ukuhamba ebusuku kulo lonke elaseHavana uma uqhathanisa namanye amadolobha aseLatin America, yize ukunqwabelanisa nokweba kuvamile, ngakho-ke qiniseka ukuthi ungashiyi impahla yakho unganakekelwa. Lalelani (ama-jinteros / as) anikela ukukukhombisa indawo ongadla kuyo noma ukuvakashela idolobha, njengoba uzobe ukhokha izintengo eziphakeme ukumboza ikhomishini yakhe. Vele uhambe futhi uqhubeke nokuhamba - kungekudala kuzokushiya wedwa. Ezitolo zokudlela zasendaweni, cela amamenyu noma izintengo ngaphambi koku-oda noma yini; kungaba khona 'amamenyu entengo yabavakashi' akhethekile akhishwa ngemuva kokuqeda ukudla noma isiphuzo. Uma ungowesilisa, lindela ukwandiswa njalo yizifebe kanye / noma nezinduna zazo. Ngenkathi ubuchwepheshe bungekho emthethweni, isikhathi sokugqokwa ejele ngokuphoqelela kwamajele sagcwalisa ngokushesha kangangokuba umbuso wawungenakho ukukhetha kodwa ukuqala kokubheka ngenye indlela.

Ukugibela isitimela sikagesi esiya eMatanzas esinye sezitimela zikagesi ezindala kakhulu emhlabeni zisebenza amahlandla amane nsuku zonke ukusuka eHavana ziye eMatanzas. Yakhiwa nguHershey futhi idlula edolobheni labo elincane le-chocolate. Kufana nokugibela metro ye-92km edlula emizaneni nasemaphandleni. Kusuka ku Casablanca ngaphesheya kwechibi; kunesikebhe egijima lapho kusesimweni sezulu esipholile.

Iwebhusayithi esemthethweni yezokuvakasha yeHavana

Ngeminye imininingwane sicela uvakashele iwebhusayithi esemthethweni kahulumeni:

Bukela ividiyo ngeHavana

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