Hlola iBirmingham, eNgilandi

Hlola iBirmingham, UK

Hlola iBirmingham, idolobha lesibili elinabantu abaningi e-United Kingdom, ngemuva London, nedolobha elinabantu abaningi kakhulu e-English Midlands. Futhi yisifunda esikhulu kunazo zonke e-United Kingdom, esinabantu abalinganiselwa kuma-1,1m, futhi sithathwa njengesikhungo senhlalo, amasiko, ezezimali kanye nezentengiso eMidlands

Idolobhana lezimakethe ngesikhathi sangezikhathi zakudala, iBirmingham yakhulela ku-18th-century Midlight Enlightenment kanye neRevolution Revolution eyalandela intuthuko kwezesayensi, ezobuchwepheshe kanye nokuthuthuka kwezomnotho, ikhiqiza uchungechunge lwezinto ezintsha ezibeke izisekelo eziningi zomphakathi wanamuhla wezimboni. Nge-1791 ibihanjiswa njenge "dolobha lokuqala lokukhiqiza emhlabeni". Iphrofayili yezomnotho e-Birmingham eyingqayizivele, nezinkulungwane zemihlangano emincane eyenziwayo eyahlukahlukene enobuchwepheshe obukhethekile futhi enamakhono amaningi, ikhuthaze amazinga ahlukile wokuqamba izinto ezintsha kanye nokuhlinzeka ngezinto ezintsha futhi inikeze isisekelo sezomnotho sokuchuma okwakuzogcina sikwikota yokugcina yekhulu le-20th. Injini yomusi yeWatt yasungulwa eBirmingham.

Kusukela ehlobo le-1940 kuya entwasahlobo ye-1943, iBirmingham yaqothuka kakhulu yiLuftwaffe yaseGerman kulokho okwaziwa ngokuthi yiBirmingham Blitz. Umonakalo owenziwe kwingqalasizinda yedolobha, ngaphezu kwenqubomgomo ngamabomu yokudilizwa nokwakhiwa okusha ngabahleli, kuholele ekwakhiweni kabusha kwamadolobha amakhulu kumashumi eminyaka alandelayo.

Umnotho waseBirmingham manje usuphethwe ngumkhakha wezemisebenzi. Idolobha liyisikhungo sezentengiselwano esikhulu samazwe omhlaba, sibalwa njengedolobha lomhlaba wonke yi-Globalization kanye ne-World Cities Research Network isikhundla esihlangene kakhulu Edinburgh futhi Manchester yawo wonke amadolobha aseBrithani angaphandle kweLondon; kanye nezithuthi ezibalulekile, ezezitolo, imicimbi kanye nemidlalo yenkomfa.

IBirmingham idolobha lesine elivakashelwe kakhulu e-UK izivakashi zakwamanye amazwe.

I-Industrial Revolution

Ukwanda kokuqhuma kwezimboni kwaseBirmingham kwaqala ngaphambili kunokwamadolobha akhiqiza izindwangu eNyakatho ye England, futhi yaqhutshwa yizici ezihlukile. Esikhundleni sezomnotho esikalini sabasebenzi abakhokhelwa kancane, abangafundile bekhiqiza impahla eyodwa eningi efana ukotini noma uvolo omkhulu, amayunithi womkhiqizo, ukuthuthukiswa kwezimboni eBirmingham kwakhiwe ekuvumelaniseni nasekwakheni kwabasebenzi abakhokhelwa kakhulu abanamandla ukuhlukaniswa kwabasebenzi, ukwenza izinhlobo ezahlukahlukene zabadwebi abanamakhono futhi bakhiqize imikhiqizo ehlukahlukene ehlukahlukene, emnothweni webhizinisi elinamabhizinisi amancane, okuvame ukuba ngabazimele. Lokhu kuholele emazingeni akhethekile wokuqamba kabusha: phakathi kwe-1760 ne-1850 - iminyaka esemqoka ye-Industrial Revolution - abahlali baseBirmingham babhalise izikhathi eziphindwe kathathu kunalezo zelinye idolobha laseBrithani noma idolobha.

Isidingo sokonga imali ukondla ngokushesha umnotho saphinde sabona iBirmingham ikhula yaba isikhungo esikhulu sezezimali esinokuxhumana okuningana kwamazwe. I-Lloyds Bank yasungulwa edolobheni e-1765, kanye ne-Ketley's Building Society, umphakathi wokuqala wokwakha emhlabeni, e-1775. Nge-1800 iWest Midlands yayinamahhovisi amaningi okubhanga ngekhanda kunanoma yisiphi esinye isifunda eBrithani, kufaka phakathi iLondon.

Environment

Kunamapaki we-571 ngaphakathi kweBirmingham - ngaphezu kwaneliphi elinye idolobha laseYurophu - elingaphezu kwamahektha we-3,500 wendawo evulekile yomphakathi. Idolobhana linezihlahla ezingaphezu kwezigidi eziyisithupha, kanye nama-400 amakhilomitha emifudlana nemifudlana yasemadolobheni. ISutton Park, ehlanganisa amahektare we-2,400 enyakatho yedolobha iyipaki elikhulu kakhulu lamadolobha eYurophu naseNational Nature Reserve. IBirmingham Botanical Gardens, esiseduzane nendawo ephakathi nedolobha, igcina ukubukeka okubuyayo komklamo wayo wokuqala nguJC Loudon e-1829, kuyilapho iWinterborne Botanic Garden e-Edgbaston ikhombisa ukunambitheka okungahlelekile kakhulu Kwezobuciko Nemisebenzi yemvelaphi yayo ye-Edwardian. IBirmingham inamaqoqo amabili obuciko bomphakathi. IBirmingham Museum & Art Gallery yaziwa kakhulu ngemisebenzi yayo ngabakwa-Pre-Raphaelites, iqoqo “elibaluleke kakhulu”. Kubuye kube nokukhethwa okubalulekile kwamakhosi amadala - kufaka phakathi imisebenzi emikhulu kaBellini, uRubens, iKaraletto kanye neClaude - kanye namaqoqo aqine kakhulu wemidwebo ye-Baroque yase-Italy yekhulu le-17th ne-watercolors yesiNgisi. Ukuqanjwa kwayo kubandakanya ukuqoqwa okwandulelayo kwaseYurophu kwase-ceramics kanye nensimbi ecolekileyo. IBarber Institute of Fine Arts e-Edgbaston ingenye yemiklamo emincane emincane yobuciko emhlabeni, iqoqo lekhwalithi eyingqayizivele emele ubuciko baseNtshonalanga kusukela ngekhulu le-13th kuze kube namuhla.

Hlola iBirmingham ebusuku lapho labo abanentshisekelo ngokuphila okusobala okusobala ikakhulu bagxunyekwe ku-Broad Street nasendaweni yaseBrindley. Yize eminyakeni yamuva nje iBroad Street ilahlekelwe ukuthandwa kwayo ngenxa yokuvalwa kwamakilabhu amaningana; i-Arcadian manje idume kakhudlwana ngokuphila kobusuku. Ngaphandle kwendawo ebanzi yeBroad Street kunezindawo eziningi ezimnandi futhi ezingaphansi komhlaba.

Iwebhusayithi esemthethweni yezokuvakasha eBirmingham, UK

Ngeminye imininingwane sicela uvakashele iwebhusayithi esemthethweni kahulumeni:

Bukela ividiyo ekhuluma ngeBirmingham, e-UK

Okuthunyelwe kwe-Instagram okuvela kwabanye abasebenzisi

I-Instagram ayibuyisanga i-200.

Bhuka uhambo lwakho

Amathikithi okuhlangenwe nakho okumangazayo

Uma ufuna senze i-Blog Post mayelana nendawo oyithandayo,
sicela usithumele umyalezo I-FaceBook
ngegama lakho,
isibuyekezo sakho
nezithombe,
futhi sizozama ukungeza kungekudala

Amathiphu Osebenzisekayo Wohambo -Blog

Amathiphu Asetshenziswayo Wohambo

Amathiphu Ewusizo Wohambo Qiniseka ukuthi ufunda lezi zeluleko zokuhamba ngaphambi kokuhamba. Ukuhamba kugcwele izinqumo ezinkulu - njengokuthi ngivakashelwa yiliphi izwe, ukuthi uzosebenzisa malini nokuthi uzoyeka nini ukulinda bese ekugcineni wenze leso sinqumo esibaluleke kakhulu sokuthatha amathikithi. Nawa amanye amathiphu alula abushelelezi ngendlela elandelayo […]